Effect of Two-Dimensional Crystal Orbitals on Fermi Surfaces and Electron Transport in Three-Dimensional Perovskite Oxides

Maxwell Thomas Dylla, Stephen Dongmin Kang, Gerald Jeffrey Snyder

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Perovskite oxides are candidate materials in catalysis, fuel cells, thermoelectrics, and electronics, where electronic transport is vital to their use. While the fundamental transport properties of these materials have been heavily studied, there are still key features that are not well understood, including the temperature-squared behavior of their resistivities. Standard transport models fail to account for this atypical property because Fermi surfaces of many perovskite oxides are low-dimensional and distinct from traditional semiconductors. In this work, the low-dimensional Fermi surfaces of perovskite oxides are chemically interpreted in terms of two-dimensional crystal orbitals that form the conduction bands. Using SrTiO 3 as a case study, the d/p-hybridization that creates these low-dimensional electronic structures is reviewed and connected to its fundamentally different electronic properties. A low-dimensional band model explains several experimental transport properties, including the temperature and carrier-density dependence of the effective mass, the carrier-density dependence of scattering, and the temperature dependence of resistivity. This work highlights how chemical bonding influences semiconductor transport.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5503-5512
Number of pages10
JournalAngewandte Chemie - International Edition
Volume58
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 16 2019

Fingerprint

Fermi surface
Perovskite
Oxides
Transport properties
Crystals
Carrier concentration
Semiconductor materials
Conduction bands
Electronic properties
Temperature
Catalysis
Electronic structure
Fuel cells
Electronic equipment
Scattering
Electron Transport
perovskite

Keywords

  • Fermi surface
  • electron transport
  • hybridization
  • orbital chemistry
  • perovskite oxides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "Perovskite oxides are candidate materials in catalysis, fuel cells, thermoelectrics, and electronics, where electronic transport is vital to their use. While the fundamental transport properties of these materials have been heavily studied, there are still key features that are not well understood, including the temperature-squared behavior of their resistivities. Standard transport models fail to account for this atypical property because Fermi surfaces of many perovskite oxides are low-dimensional and distinct from traditional semiconductors. In this work, the low-dimensional Fermi surfaces of perovskite oxides are chemically interpreted in terms of two-dimensional crystal orbitals that form the conduction bands. Using SrTiO 3 as a case study, the d/p-hybridization that creates these low-dimensional electronic structures is reviewed and connected to its fundamentally different electronic properties. A low-dimensional band model explains several experimental transport properties, including the temperature and carrier-density dependence of the effective mass, the carrier-density dependence of scattering, and the temperature dependence of resistivity. This work highlights how chemical bonding influences semiconductor transport.",
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Effect of Two-Dimensional Crystal Orbitals on Fermi Surfaces and Electron Transport in Three-Dimensional Perovskite Oxides. / Dylla, Maxwell Thomas; Kang, Stephen Dongmin; Snyder, Gerald Jeffrey.

In: Angewandte Chemie - International Edition, Vol. 58, No. 17, 16.04.2019, p. 5503-5512.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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AU - Dylla, Maxwell Thomas

AU - Kang, Stephen Dongmin

AU - Snyder, Gerald Jeffrey

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N2 - Perovskite oxides are candidate materials in catalysis, fuel cells, thermoelectrics, and electronics, where electronic transport is vital to their use. While the fundamental transport properties of these materials have been heavily studied, there are still key features that are not well understood, including the temperature-squared behavior of their resistivities. Standard transport models fail to account for this atypical property because Fermi surfaces of many perovskite oxides are low-dimensional and distinct from traditional semiconductors. In this work, the low-dimensional Fermi surfaces of perovskite oxides are chemically interpreted in terms of two-dimensional crystal orbitals that form the conduction bands. Using SrTiO 3 as a case study, the d/p-hybridization that creates these low-dimensional electronic structures is reviewed and connected to its fundamentally different electronic properties. A low-dimensional band model explains several experimental transport properties, including the temperature and carrier-density dependence of the effective mass, the carrier-density dependence of scattering, and the temperature dependence of resistivity. This work highlights how chemical bonding influences semiconductor transport.

AB - Perovskite oxides are candidate materials in catalysis, fuel cells, thermoelectrics, and electronics, where electronic transport is vital to their use. While the fundamental transport properties of these materials have been heavily studied, there are still key features that are not well understood, including the temperature-squared behavior of their resistivities. Standard transport models fail to account for this atypical property because Fermi surfaces of many perovskite oxides are low-dimensional and distinct from traditional semiconductors. In this work, the low-dimensional Fermi surfaces of perovskite oxides are chemically interpreted in terms of two-dimensional crystal orbitals that form the conduction bands. Using SrTiO 3 as a case study, the d/p-hybridization that creates these low-dimensional electronic structures is reviewed and connected to its fundamentally different electronic properties. A low-dimensional band model explains several experimental transport properties, including the temperature and carrier-density dependence of the effective mass, the carrier-density dependence of scattering, and the temperature dependence of resistivity. This work highlights how chemical bonding influences semiconductor transport.

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