Effect of warfarin anticoagulation on survival in carcinoma of the lung, colon, head and neck, and prostate: Final Report of VA cooperative study # 75

Leo R. Zacharski*, William G. Henderson, Frederick R. Rickles, Walter B. Forman, C. J. Cornell, A. Jackson Forcier, R. L. Edwards, Elwood Headley, Sang‐Hee ‐H Kim, Joseph F. O'Donnell, Robert O'Dell, Karl Tornyos, Hau C. Kwaan

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

VA Cooperative Study #75 was established to test in a controlled, randomized trial the hypothesis that warfarin anticoagulation would favorably affect the course of certain types of malignancy. No differences in survival were observed between warfarin‐treated and control groups for advanced non‐small cell lung, colorectal, head and neck and prostate cancers. However, warfarin therapy was associated with a significant prolongation in the time to first evidence of disease progression (P = 0.016) and a significant improvement in survival (P = 0.018) for patients with small cell carcinoma of the lung, including the subgroup of patients with disseminated disease at the time of randomization (P = 0.013). A trend toward improved survival with warfarin treatment was observed for the few patients admitted to this study with non‐small cell lung cancer who had minimal disease at randomization. These results suggest that warfarin, as a single anticoagulant agent, may favorably modify the course of some, but not all, types of human malignancy, among which is small cell carcinoma of the lung. Further trials of warfarin may be indicated in patients with limited disease who have cell types that failed to respond when advanced disease was present.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2046-2052
Number of pages7
JournalCancer
Volume53
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 15 1984

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Zacharski, L. R., Henderson, W. G., Rickles, F. R., Forman, W. B., Cornell, C. J., Forcier, A. J., Edwards, R. L., Headley, E., Kim, SH. H., O'Donnell, J. F., O'Dell, R., Tornyos, K., & Kwaan, H. C. (1984). Effect of warfarin anticoagulation on survival in carcinoma of the lung, colon, head and neck, and prostate: Final Report of VA cooperative study # 75. Cancer, 53(10), 2046-2052. https://doi.org/10.1002/1097-0142(19840515)53:10<2046::AID-CNCR2820531007>3.0.CO;2-F