Effective conduction-electron-local-moment exchange interaction in metals: Rare-earth interband mixing

R. E. Watson*, S. Koide, M. Peter, A. J. Freeman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

93 Scopus citations


The effective diagonal-exchange parameter Jeff(0) which determines the exchange splitting of a metal's Fermi-surface conduction electrons, has been investigated with a model involving simple orthogonalized-plane-wave conduction-electron orbitals and rare-earth ion cores. The positive exchange integral and negative interband mixing contributions to Jeff(0) have been estimated for the rare earths as a function of nuclear charge Z. The results indicate that interband mixing may dominate, causing a net negative conduction-electron polarization, in agreement with a number of experiments. The interband mixing, and hence the sign of Jeff(0), is found to be very sensitive to conduction-electron character. The results also indicate that, for ions other than spherical Gd, the parameter Jeff(0) will vary strongly with conduction-electron k direction (with respect to the J of the rare-earth ion) and may even involve a variation in sign. Such anisotropies in Jeff(0) and the nondiagonal Jeff(Q) parameters should be a significant source of anisotropies in the Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida conduction-electron spin distribution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)A167-A178
JournalPhysical Review
Issue number1A
StatePublished - 1965
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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