Effectiveness and Safety of E-aminocaproic Acid in Overall and Less-Invasive Cardiac Surgeries

Marta Kelava*, Anand Mehta, Shiva Sale, Marc Gillinov, Douglas Johnston, Lucy Thuita, Nikhil Kumar, Eugene H. Blackstone

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: To examine E-aminocaproic acid effectiveness in reducing transfusion requirements in overall and less-invasive cardiac surgery, and to assess its safety. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: Single-center tertiary academic medical center. Participants: A total of 19,111 adult patients who underwent elective surgery requiring cardiopulmonary bypass from January 1, 2008, through December 31, 2016. Interventions: None. Measurements and Main Results: Propensity matching was used to create well-balanced groups and separately compare both overall cohort and less-invasive surgery with and without E-aminocaproic acid. Supplementary zero-inflated negative binomial regression analysis was used because outcome data were zero-inflated. Effectiveness was assessed by transfusion requirements, and safety by comparison of in-hospital outcomes. In the overall cohort, patients receiving E-aminocaproic acid received fewer red blood cells postoperatively and fewer intra- and postoperativel blood products. In a less-invasive cohort, there was no significant difference in red blood cell transfusion either intra- or postoperatively, but the E-aminocaproic group received fewer intra- and postoperative platelets, intraoperative cryoprecipitate, and postoperative plasma. There were no significant differences for in-hospital outcomes in both less-invasive and overall cohorts. Conclusions: The reduction of postoperative red blood cell requirement observed when analyzing the overall cohort did not translate to less-invasive cardiac surgery in the authors’ patient population; however, both overall and less-invasive cohorts had lower requirements for other blood components with E-aminocaproic acid. There was no association with major Society of thoracic surgeons (STS)-defined morbidity and mortality in both groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3780-3790
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine


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