Effectiveness of BoNT A in parkinson's disease upper limb tremor management

Fariborz Rahimi*, Carina Bee, Derek Debicki, Angela Roberts, Priya Bapat, Mandar Jog

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Objective: One the greatest challenges of BoNT A therapy for tremor lies in the complexity and variation of components involved in tremor movement, and the lack of objective measures to determine these components. This 3 month open-label single injection study aims to couple clinician best judgment with kinematics to improve effect of BoNT A (incobotulinumtoxinA) injection in 7 patients with upper limb Parkinson's disease (PD) tremor. Methods: Injection was guided with clinical and kinematic assessment of tremor using angular wrist position in 3 degrees of freedom: flexion/extension, pronation/supination, and radial/ulnar deviation. Overall tremor severity and change were measured by linear finger acceleration. Results: Kinematic data from static and functional tasks demonstrate no improvement at one month post-injection, but significant improvement at two and three months. Clinical scales across UPDRS Items 20 (1, 2, 3 months post) and 21 (2 months), and spiral drawings (3 months) showed significant improvement from baseline, while line drawings did not. Conclusions: This study suggests injection of BoNT A as a viable focal management option for upper limb PD tremor. In addition to clinical judgment, objective quantification of tremor dynamics by kinematics may be a feasible assessment and guidance tool which can be used to optimize injection conditions for focal tremor therapy. Kinematic analysis of tremor across a variety of joints in all degrees of movement may provide important insight into tremor dynamics, allowing optimized, targeted focal therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)663-669
Number of pages7
JournalCanadian Journal of Neurological Sciences
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology


Dive into the research topics of 'Effectiveness of BoNT A in parkinson's disease upper limb tremor management'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this