Angiogenesis plays an important role in the growth and metastasis of malignant tumors. We have previously reported that in children with neuroblastoma (NB), tumor vascularity directly correlates with metastatic disease, MYCN amplification, and poor outcome. The angiogenesis inhibitor TNP-470 has been shown to reduce the rate of NB growth in rodents with macroscopic tumors without ultimately impacting survival. To investigate whether TNP-470 could more effectively inhibit NB growth in animals with a low tumor burden, we treated 30 nude mice with minimal disease with this angiogenesis inhibitor (supplied by TAP Pharmaceuticals, Inc.). Therapy was initiated before tumors were clinically evident after s.c. inoculation of 5 x 106 cells from the MYCN-amplified NB cell line NBL-W-N. TNP-470 was administered 3 days/week, and after 12 weeks of treatment, 53% of the treated mice remained tumor free, whereas 100% of the control mice developed tumors (P < 0.0001). To further assess the relationship between the efficacy of TNP- 470 treatment and tumor burden, TNP-470 was also administered s.c., 3 days/week, to mice with clinically evident small (<400 mm3; n = 15) and large (>400 mm3; n = 11) tumors. For animals with small tumors, the mean rate of growth was significantly decreased in the treated mice compared to the controls (P = 0.02). In contrast, there was no difference in the mean rate of tumor growth between animals with large tumors treated with TNP-470 and controls (P = 0.64). Our studies demonstrate that the effectiveness of TNP-470 inversely correlates with tumor burden. We speculate that TNP-470 may most effectively inhibit NB tumor growth in children with a low tumor burden.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Clinical Cancer Research|
|State||Published - Dec 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research