Because mice susceptible to interstitial nephritis use different effector T cells than nonsusceptible mice, we analyzed the differentiation process of the effector T cell repertoire by using an in vitro culture technique. In the presence of helper T lymphocytes, accessory cells, IL 2, tubular antigen, and precursor effector cells, both Lyt-2+ nephritogenic effector cells and L3T4+ nonnephritogenic effector cells can be initially induced in both susceptible and nonsusceptible strains within 3 days of culture. In nonsusceptible mice, however, the Lyt-2+ nephritogenic cell is inhibited from further development and disappears, whereas in susceptible mice, its presence is preserved with a resulting effect of tissue destruction. This selection of effector T cell preference is regulated by I-J+ T lymphoyctes which are co-functionally expressed with effector cell expansion. Unlike precursor effector lymphocytes, however, the maturation of the regulatory process requires a subset of I-J+ accessory cells and structurally intact tubular antigen. Our findings indicate, therefore, that both susceptible and nonsusceptible mice have the potential for the expression of interstitial nephritis, but nonsusceptible mice are formally protected from autoimmunity by the regulation of lymphocyte preference.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - 1987|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy