Effects of Al on the microstructure and ductility of NiAl-strengthened ferritic steels at room temperature

Z. K. Teng, C. T. Liu, Gautam Ghosh, P. K. Liaw*, M. E. Fine

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Scopus citations


One of the major problems for the development of ferritic steels strengthened by NiAl-type (B2) precipitates is their poor ductility at room temperature. In conjunction with the computational alloy design, selected experiments are performed to investigate the effect of Al content on the ductility of prototype Fe-Ni-Cr-Al alloys. The microstructure and composition of the matrix (α-Fe type) and precipitate phases are characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and analytical electron microscopy (AEM). Three-point-bending experiments show that alloys containing more than 5 mass% Al exhibit poor ductility (<2%) at room temperature, and their fracture mode is predominantly cleavage type. Two major factors governing the poor ductility are (i) the volume fraction of NiAl-type precipitates, and (ii) the Al content in the α-Fe matrix. A bend ductility of more than 5% can be achieved by lowering the Al concentration to 3 mass% in the alloy. The alloy containing about 6.5 mass% Al is found to have an optimal combination of hardness and ductility.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1437-1443
Number of pages7
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1 2010


  • A. Nickel aluminides, based on NiAl
  • B. Alloy design
  • B. Brittleness and ductility
  • F. Electron microscopy, transmission

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Chemistry(all)


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