Effects of Ca 2+ on supramolecular aggregation of natural organic matter in aqueous solutions: A comparison of molecular modeling approaches

Andrey G. Kalinichev*, Eugenia Iskrenova-Tchoukova, Won Young Ahn, Mark M. Clark, R. James Kirkpatrick

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations

Abstract

Natural organic matter (NOM) represents a complex molecular system that cannot be fully characterized compositionally or structurally in full atomistic detail. This makes the application of molecular modeling approaches very difficult and significantly hinders quantitative investigation of NOM properties and behavior by these otherwise very efficient computational techniques. Here we report and analyze three molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of Ca 2+ complexation with NOM in aqueous solutions in an attempt to quantitatively assess possible effects of model- and system size-dependence in such simulations. Despite some obvious variations in the computed results that depend on the size of the simulated system and on the parameters of the force field models used, all three simulations are quite robust and consistent. They show Ca 2+ ions associated with 35-50% of the NOM carboxylic groups at near-neutral pH and point to a strong preference for the stability of bidentate-coordinated contact ion pairs. The degree and potential mechanisms of NOM supramolecular aggregation in the presence of Ca 2+ ions in solution are also assessed on a semi-quantitative level from two larger-scale MD simulations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-32
Number of pages6
JournalGeoderma
Volume169
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2011

Keywords

  • Molecular dynamics simulations
  • Natural organic matter
  • Supramolecular aggregation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Soil Science

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