Effects of Childhood Abuse on Overgeneral Autobiographical Memory in Current Major Depressive Disorder

James W Griffith*, Stephan Claes, Titia Hompes, Elske Vrieze, Stefanie Vermote, Elise Debeer, Bert Lenaert, Filip Raes, Dirk Hermans

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In a sample of adults diagnosed with major depressive disorder (N = 77), we examined the relationship between overgeneral autobiographical memory and childhood physical and sexual abuse. We hypothesised that childhood abuse would be related to retrieving fewer specific autobiographical memories, even after statistically covarying psychopathology-related variables, including posttraumatic stress disorder and depression severity. Our hypotheses were supported for childhood physical abuse but not for childhood sexual abuse. Childhood physical abuse was related to the recall of fewer specific memories on the Autobiographical Memory Test. No significant association, however, emerged between the Autobiographical Memory Test and childhood sexual trauma. Directions for future research include prospective designs as well as further examination of trauma characteristics (e.g., age of onset) and means by which individuals cope with trauma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)774-782
Number of pages9
JournalCognitive Therapy and Research
Volume40
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016

Fingerprint

Episodic Memory
Major Depressive Disorder
Sex Offenses
Wounds and Injuries
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Psychopathology
Age of Onset
Depression
Physical Abuse

Keywords

  • Childhood trauma
  • Depression
  • Major depressive disorder
  • Overgeneral autobiographical memory (OGM)
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Griffith, James W ; Claes, Stephan ; Hompes, Titia ; Vrieze, Elske ; Vermote, Stefanie ; Debeer, Elise ; Lenaert, Bert ; Raes, Filip ; Hermans, Dirk. / Effects of Childhood Abuse on Overgeneral Autobiographical Memory in Current Major Depressive Disorder. In: Cognitive Therapy and Research. 2016 ; Vol. 40, No. 6. pp. 774-782.
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Griffith, JW, Claes, S, Hompes, T, Vrieze, E, Vermote, S, Debeer, E, Lenaert, B, Raes, F & Hermans, D 2016, 'Effects of Childhood Abuse on Overgeneral Autobiographical Memory in Current Major Depressive Disorder', Cognitive Therapy and Research, vol. 40, no. 6, pp. 774-782. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-016-9784-y

Effects of Childhood Abuse on Overgeneral Autobiographical Memory in Current Major Depressive Disorder. / Griffith, James W; Claes, Stephan; Hompes, Titia; Vrieze, Elske; Vermote, Stefanie; Debeer, Elise; Lenaert, Bert; Raes, Filip; Hermans, Dirk.

In: Cognitive Therapy and Research, Vol. 40, No. 6, 01.12.2016, p. 774-782.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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