Previous studies have shown sex-specific oxidative changes in spinal cord of rats submitted to chronic stress, which may be due to gonadal hormones. Here, we assessed total radical-trapping potential (TRAP), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activities and lipid peroxidation (evaluated by the TBARS test) in the spinal cord of ovariectomized (OVX) female rats. Female rats were subjected to OVX, and half of the animals received estradiol replacement. Animals were subdivided into controls and chronically stressed (for 40 days). Our findings demonstrate that chronic stress decreased TRAP, and increased SOD activity in spinal cord homogenates from ovariectomized female rats and had no effect on GPx activity. On the other hand, groups receiving 17β-estradiol replacement presented a decreased GPx activity, but no alteration in TRAP and in SOD activity. No differences in the TBARS test were found in any of the groups analyzed. In conclusion, our results support the idea that chronic stress induces an imbalance between SOD and GPx activities, additionally decreasing TRAP. Estradiol replacement did not reverse the effects of chronic stress, but induced a decrease in GPx activity. Therefore, estradiol replacement in ovariectomized chronically stressed rats could make the spinal cord more susceptible to oxidative injury.
- Chronic stress
- Oxidative stress
- Spinal cord
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience