The effect of excitation energy on the lifetimes of the charge-transfer-to-solvent (CTTS) states of small (4 ≥ n ≥ 10) iodide-doped water and alcohol clusters was explored using femtosecond time-resolved photoelectron imaging. Excitation of the CTTS state at wavelengths ranging from 272 to 238 nm leads to the formation of the I••• (ROH) n - (R=H-, CH 3-, and CH 3CH 2-) species, which can be thought of as a vibrationally excited bare solvent cluster anion perturbed by an iodine atom. Autodetachment lifetimes for alcohol-containing clusters range from 1 to 71 ps, while water clusters survive for hundreds of ps in this size range. Autodetachment lifetimes were observed to decrease significantly with increasing excitation energy for a particular number and type of solvent molecules. The application of Klots' model for thermionic emission from clusters to I -(H 2O) 5 and I -(CH 3OH) 7 qualitatively reproduces experimental trends and reveals a high sensitivity to energy parametrization while remaining relatively insensitive to the number of vibrational modes. Experimental and computational results therefore suggest that the rate of electron emission is primarily determined by the energetics of the cluster system rather than by details of molecular structure.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry