Effects of hyperthermia and iodine‐131 labeled anticarcinoembryonic antigen monoclonal antibody on human tumor xenografts in nude mice

Bharat B. Mittal*, A. Michael Zimmer, Vythialingam Sathiaseelan, Steven T. Rosen, James A. Radosevich, Alfred W. Rademaker, A. Saini, M. C. Pierce, Denise I. Webber, Stewart M. Spies

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Background. Many studies have demonstrated synergistic interaction between hyperthermia and radiation. This study was undertaken to determine whether hyperthermia could enhance the effect of radioimmunotherapy (RIT) in the treatment of human colon adenocarcinoma xenografts in nude mice. Methods. The experiments were conducted in two parts. During the first part of the study, preliminary information was obtained regarding the effect of various temperatures (41 °C, 42°C, and 43°C for 45 minutes) and iodine‐131‐labeled anticarcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) monoclonal antibodies (RMoAb) with administered activity ranging from 130 ± 19 μCi to 546 ± 19 μCi on tumor regrowth delay (TRD) and volume doubling time. This information was used in Part 2 of the study, which included four groups of mice: (1) a control group, (2) a group treated with hyperthermia, (3) a group treated with RMoAb, and (4) a group treated with a combination of RMoAb and hyperthermia. Results. Maximum and significantly increased TRD was observed in the group treated with RMoAb and hyperthermia (slope, 0.057) compared with the control group (slope, 0.322), the hyperthermia‐treated group (slope, 0.302), and the group treated with RMoAb alone (slope, 0.098). The ratio of the slopes between the groups treated with RMoAb and those treated with RMoAb and hyperthermia was 1.72. No correlation was detected between the percent of antibody uptake in the tumor and tumor regression in the groups treated with heat and RMoAb and those treated with RMoAb alone. Conclusions. The results of these experiments show that hyperthermia increased the effectiveness of iodine‐131‐labeled anti‐CEA monoclonal antibodies against human colon carcinoma xenografts in nude mice. This study offers a rationale for combining hyperthermia and low‐dose radiation produced from RIT in clinical practice. Cancer 1992; 702785–91.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2785-2791
Number of pages7
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 15 1992


  • colon carcinoma xenografts
  • hyperthermia
  • radiolabeled monoclonal antibodies
  • thermal radiation sensitizer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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