Effects of IKK inhibitor PS1145 on NF-κB function, proliferation, apoptosis and invasion activity in prostate carcinoma cells

A. Yemelyanov, A. Gasparian, P. Lindholm, L. Dang, J. W. Pierce, F. Kisseljov, A. Karseladze, I. Budunova*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

102 Scopus citations

Abstract

A key antiapoptotic transcription factor, nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB), is known to be critically important for tumor cell growth, angiogenesis and development of metastatic lesions. We and others showed previously that NF-κB transcription factor was constitutively activated in androgen-independent prostate carcinoma (PC) cell lines due to the upregulated activity of inhibitor of NF-κB kinases (IKK). In this work, using luciferase assay, electrophoretic mobility shift assay and Northern blot analysis of expression of endogenous κB-responsive genes, we demonstrate that a novel highly specific small-molecule IKK inhibitor, PS1145, efficiently inhibited both basal and induced NF-κB activity in PC cells. We found that PS1145 induced caspase 3/7-dependent apoptosis in PC cells and significantly sensitized PC cells to apoptosis induced by tumor necrosis factor alpha. We also showed that PS1145 inhibited PC cell proliferation. Effects of PS1145 on proliferation and apoptosis correlated with inhibition of interleukin (IL)-6, cyclin D1, D2, inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP)-1 and IAP-2 gene expression and decreased IL-6 protein level. In addition, we found that incubation with PS1145 inhibited the invasion activity of highly invasive PC3-S cells in invasion chamber assay in a dose-dependent manner. Overall, this study provides the framework for development of a novel therapeutic approach targeting NF-κB transcription factor to treat advanced PC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)387-398
Number of pages12
JournalOncogene
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 19 2006

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • IKK
  • Invasion
  • NF-κB
  • Prostate carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cancer Research

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