Effects of morphine and naloxone on glucose metabolism in uterine strips from ovariectomized and non-ovariectomized restricted diet rats

M. L. Campos*, S. M. Casalino-Matsuda, J. A. Linares, A. Goldraij

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effect of underfeeding over glucose metabolism in uteri isolated from ovariectomized and non-ovariectomized rats subjected to a restricted diet for 25 days (50% of the normal food intake), was studied. Underfeeding decreases 14CO2 formation from U14 C-glucose in intact animal uteri. While in ovariectomized rats (25 days), the effect is the opposite. The addition of morphine 10-6 M to the medium does not affect rats fed ad libitum. However, 14CO2 levels increase significantly in intact animals receiving a restricted diet. In ovariectomized rats morphine does not show any activity, regardless of the type of diet rats were subjected to. None of the rat groups seems to be sensitive to naloxone 10-6 M. The s.c. injection of morphine (4 mg.kg-1) increases glucose metabolism only in intact rats provided with a restricted diet, while naloxone (2.5 mg.kg-1) produces a decrease of 14CO2 in ovariectomized underfed animals. To conclude, morphine either 'in vivo' or 'in vitro' is active only in uteri from intact rats subjected to underfeeding. Naloxone produces a decrease in 14CO2 production, particularly when it is s.c. injected to ovariectomized rats undergoing a dietary restriction. Since the uterus does not react to naloxone, the effect of the opiod blocker may be the result of endogenous opioids originated in other tissues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)422-428
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Physiology and Biochemistry
Volume108
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Dietary restriction
  • Morphine
  • Naloxone
  • Ovariectomized and non-ovariectomized rats

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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