Establishing the biological effects of exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMF), particularly extremely low-frequency (ELF, 0 to ˜3000 Hz) fields and radiofrequency (RF) radiation, remains an elusive goal to this day. Over the last 20 to 30 y, hundreds of scientists across the world have used different types of EMF and RF sources and exposure regimens on different biological experimental models, and different types of data analyses have been applied to both experimental and epidemiologic data. Despite the breadth of these studies (or perhaps because of it), no universally accepted hypotheses exist in this field of research. In this chapter, we attempt to present selected examples from the plethora of available material that best emphasize positive and negative findings from the literature pertinent to the immune system and discuss possible causes for the disparity of the published data.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Biological and Medical Aspects of Electromagnetic Fields|
|Number of pages||19|
|ISBN (Print)||0849395380, 9780849395383|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2006|
ASJC Scopus subject areas