Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is a leading cause of cancer death worldwide, with few treatment options. Rovalpituzumab tesirine (Rova-T) is an antibody-drug conjugate that targets delta-like 3 on SCLC cells to deliver a cytotoxic payload directly to tumor cells. In this study, the cardiac safety profile of Rova-T was assessed by evaluating changes in QT interval, electrocardiogram (ECG) waveform, heart rate, and proarrhythmic adverse events (AEs) after treatment with Rova-T in patients with previously treated extensive-stage SCLC. Patients underwent ECG monitoring for 2 weeks after each of 2 i.v. infusions of 0.3 mg/kg Rova-T over 30 minutes, administered 6 weeks apart. Forty-six patients received at least one dose of Rova-T. At the geometric mean Rova-T maximum serum concentration of 7,940 ng/mL, ECG monitoring showed no significant changes in the Fridericia-corrected QT (QTcF) interval; the upper limit of the 2-sided 90% confidence interval did not exceed 10 msec for any time point. There were no clinically significant changes in QRS or PR intervals, ECG waveforms, or heart rate after Rova-T administration. All patients experienced a treatment-emergent AE (TEAE); 78% had a grade ≥ 3 TEAE, 59% had a serious TEAE, and 41% had a cardiac-related TEAE. The TEAEs that might signal proarrhythmia tendencies were uncommon. Confirmed partial responses were observed in 24% of patients. Based on the evaluation of ECG data collected in this study from patients treated with Rova-T at 0.3 mg/kg i.v. administered every 6 weeks, a QTcF effect of clinical concern can be excluded.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)