Effects of shape and size of cobalt ferrite nanostructures on their MRI contrast and thermal activation

Hrushikesh M. Joshi, Yen Po Lin, Mohammed Aslam, P. V. Prasad, Elise A. Schultz-Sikma, Robert Edelman, Thomas Meade, Vinayak P. Dravid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

175 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cobalt ferrite magnetic nanostructures were synthesized via a high temperature solution phase method. Spherical nanostructures of various sizes were synthesized with the help of seed mediated growth of the nanostructures in the organic phase, while faceted irregular (FI) cobalt ferrite nanostructures were synthesized via the same method but in the presence of a magnetic field. Magnetic properties were characterized by superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) magnetometry, relaxivity measurements, and thermal activation under RF field, as a function of size and shape. The results show that the saturation magnetization of the nanostructures increases with an increase in size, and the FI nanostructures exhibit lower saturation magnetization than their spherical counterparts. The relaxivity coefficient of cobalt ferrite nanostructures increases with an increase in size, while FI nanostructures show a higher relaxivity coefficient than spherical nanostructures with respect to their saturation magnetization. In the case of RF thermal activation, the specific absorption rate (SAR) of nanostructures increases with an increase in the size. The contribution sheds light on the role of size and shape on important magnetic properties of the nanostructures in relation to their biomedical applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17761-17767
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume113
Issue number41
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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