Effects of spatial grain orientation distribution and initial surface topography on sheet metal necking

P. D. Wu*, D. J. Lloyd, M. Jain, K. W. Neale, Y. Huang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations


The finite element method is used to numerically simulate localized necking in AA6111-T4 under stretching. The measured EBSD data (grain orientations and their spatial distributions) are directly incorporated into the finite element model and the constitutive response at an integration point is described by the single crystal plasticity theory. We assume that localized necking is associated with surface instability, the onset of unstable growth in surface roughening. It is demonstrated that such a surface instability/necking is the natural outcome of the present approach, and the artificial initial imperfection necessitated by the macroscopic M-K approach [Marciniak and Kuczynski (1967). Int. J. Mech. Sci. 9, 609-620] is not relevant in the present analysis. The effects of spatial orientation distribution, material strain rate sensitivity, texture evolution, and initial surface topography on necking are discussed. It is found that localized necking depends strongly on both the initial texture and its spatial orientation distribution. It is also demonstrated that the initial surface topography has only a small influence on necking.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1084-1104
Number of pages21
JournalInternational journal of plasticity
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2007


  • B. Anisotropic material
  • B. Crystal plasticity
  • C. Finite elements
  • Necking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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