We have studied the effects of a single i.v. dose of sufentanil 5 μg kg-1 in combination with pancuronium on the median nerve short latency somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEP) in 15 unpremedicated patients undergoing thoracic or lumbar spinal surgery. The latency and amplitude of the SSEP response over the second cervical vertebra (SC) and sensory cortex (P17, N20, P25), heart rate and arterial pressure were recorded for 30 min after the injection of sufentanil. A significant increase in mean latency occurred for N20 (P < 0.003) and P25 (P < 0.002) within 2 min, but the absolute increase in latency was small. The mean amplitudes of all peaks decreased to 60% (SC), 70% (P17), 60% (N20) (P < 0.012) and 45% (P25) of the baseline value within 7 min. The results suggest that the major change in median nerve SSEP produced by this dose of sufentanil is a reduction in amplitude, and that major changes in latency after sufentanil and pancuronium are probably caused by other influences.
- Monitoring: somatosensory evoked potentials
- Opioid: sufentanil
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine