Effects of the pozzolanic reactivity of nanoSiO2 on cement-based materials

Pengkun Hou, Jueshi Qian*, Xin Cheng, Surendra P. Shah

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

92 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aim of this work is to understand the characteristics of the pozzolanic reactivity of nanoSiO2 from studies of its pozzolanic reaction kinetics, morphology and structure of the hydrates and the influences of these features on the properties of cement-based materials, so as to explore a more targeted way of using nanoSiO2 in cement or concrete. It revealed that the pozzolanic reaction of nanoSiO2 is of the first-order and the apparent reaction rate constant of nanoSiO2-4 nm is about one order of magnitude bigger than that of silica fume, but the specific reaction rate constant is about one half to that of silica fume. A compacter gel structure and poorer crystallinity of the hydrates of nanoSiO2 to those of silica fume are found, as well. The rate of hydration of cement at very early ages is enhanced by nanoSiO2, but the rate slows down with aging due to the compact gel structure. To make the use of the high pozzolanic reactivity and ultrafine particle size of nanoSiO2, as well as its resulting compact gel structure, colloidal nanoSiO2 was applied onto the hardened cement mortar by brushing technique and a less permeable surface was resulted, which shows the potential of using nanoSiO2 as a surface treatment material for cement-based materials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)250-258
Number of pages9
JournalCement and Concrete Composites
Volume55
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2015

Keywords

  • NanoSiO
  • Pozzolanic reactivity
  • Surface-treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)

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