Effects of tungsten and rhenium additions on phase-separation in a model Ni-Al-Cr-W-Re superalloy: A four-dimensional study

Yanyan Huang*, Zugang Mao, Ronald D. Noebe, David N. Seidman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The effects of a combined 1.0 at.% W and 1.0 at.% Re addition to a model Ni-10.0Al-8.5Cr at.% superalloy aged at 1073 K (800 °C) for aging times up to 256 h are investigated using atom-probe tomography (APT) and Vickers microhardness measurements. The nanoscale properties, including volume fraction, mean-volume equivalent-radius and number density of the γ′(L12)-precipitates, the chemical compositions of the γ(f.c.c.)-matrix and γ′(L12)-precipitates, the concentration profiles and partitioning ratios between the two phases, γ(f.c.c.)/γ′(L12), hetero-interfacial concentration widths, and microhardness are measured as function of increasing aging time. Localized excesses of the solvent Ni at the γ(f.c.c.)/γ′(L12) interfaces persist at aging times as long as 256 h. Transient diffusional concentration gradients associated with solute-atoms during diffusion-limited growth exist in either the γ(f.c.c.)-matrix or γ′(L12)-precipitates for the as-quenched state; these gradients disappear after 0.25 h for Al and Cr, and after 1 h for W and Re. Tungsten partitions to the γ′(L12)-precipitates and Re partitions to the γ(f.c.c.)-matrix, respectively, and this partitioning behavior enhances the partitioning of Al to the γ′(L12)-precipitates and Cr to the γ(f.c.c.)-matrix. The partitioning behavior indicates that W and Re evolve temporally more slowly than Al and Cr due to their small diffusivities in Ni. The interfacial concentration widths in the Ni-Al-Cr-W-Re alloy decrease with increasing aging time and increasing mean precipitate-radius. Adding W and Re to the base Ni-10.0Al-8.5Cr at.% alloy increases the γ′(L12)-precipitate volume fraction and the microhardness due to the increased volume-fraction and solid-solution strengthening provided by W and Re.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)377-388
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
StatePublished - Aug 30 2019


  • Atom-probe tomography
  • Ni-based superalloys
  • Precipitation
  • Rhenium
  • Tungsten

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of tungsten and rhenium additions on phase-separation in a model Ni-Al-Cr-W-Re superalloy: A four-dimensional study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this