Effects of wavelength-dependent fluence attenuation on the noninvasive photoacoustic imaging of hemoglobin oxygen saturation in subcutaneous vasculature in vivo

Konstantin Maslov*, Hao F. Zhang, Lihong V. Wang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

80 Scopus citations

Abstract

Quantitative measurements of the oxygen saturation of hemoglobin (sO 2) in a blood vessel in vivo presents a challenge in photoacoustic imaging. As a result of wavelength-dependent optical attenuation in the skin, the local fluence at a subcutaneous vessel varies with the optical wavelength in spectral measurement and hence needs to be compensated for so that the intrinsic absorption coefficient can be recovered. Here, by employing a simplified double-layer skin model, we demonstrate that although the absolute value of sO2 in a vessel is seriously affected by the volume fraction of blood and the spatially averaged sO2 in the dermis, the difference of sO2 between neighboring vessels is minimally affected. Experimentally, we acquire compensational factors for the wavelength-dependent optical attenuation by measuring the PA spectrum of a subcutaneously inserted 25 νm thick black film using our PA microscope. We demonstrate in vivo that the difference in sO2 between a typical artery and a typical vein is conserved before and after spectral compensation. This conservation holds regardless of the animal's systemic physiological state.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S113-S122
JournalInverse Problems
Volume23
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Signal Processing
  • Mathematical Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics

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