Effects of zinc oxide filler on the curing and mechanical response of alkyd coatings

Lauren F. Sturdy, Madeleine S. Wright, Alexander Yee, Francesca Casadio, Katherine T. Faber, Kenneth R. Shull*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The mechanical properties of an alkyd resin filled with zinc oxide pigment were studied at different concentrations over a wide range of time scales using dynamic mechanical analysis, quartz crystal rheometry and nanoindentation. The motivation for this work stems from the interest in accessing the long-term properties of paint coatings by studying the mechanical properties of historic paints. In this foundational work, we compare three different modalities of mechanical measurements and systematically determine the effect of pigment filler loading on the measured properties. Quantitative agreement between the methods is obtained when the characteristic time scales of each of the methods is taken into account. While nanoindentation is the technique most readily applied to historic paint samples, the rheometric quartz crystal microbalance (rheo-QCM) is the best suited for obtaining mechanistic information from measurements of paint properties over time, provided that appropriate thin-film samples can be produced. In these studies we find that ZnO increases the rate of oxidation of the alkyd during the initial stages of cure by an amount that depends on the ZnO content.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number122222
JournalPolymer
Volume191
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 16 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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