Efficacy and Safety of Direct Oral Anticoagulants for Atrial Fibrillation Across Body Mass Index Categories

Rachel M. Kaplan, Yoshihiro Tanaka, Rod S Passman, Michelle Fine, Laura Jarmila Rasmussen-Torvik, Suma Vupputuri, Karlyn Martin, Sadiya S. Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background Direct-acting oral anticoagulants are now the preferred method of anticoagulation in patients with atrial fibrillation. Limited data on efficacy and safety of these fixed-dose regimens are available in severe obesity where drug pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics may be altered. The objectives of this study were to evaluate efficacy and safety in patients with atrial fibrillation taking direct-acting oral anticoagulants across body mass index (BMI) categories in a contemporary, real-world population. Methods and Results We performed a retrospective study of patients with atrial fibrillation at an integrated multisite healthcare system. Patients receiving a direct-acting oral anticoagulant prescription and ≥12 months of follow-up between 2010 and 2017 were included. The primary efficacy and safety outcomes were ischemic stroke or systemic embolism and intracranial hemorrhage. We performed Cox proportional hazards modeling to compute hazard ratios (HRs) adjusted for CHA2DS2-VASc score to examine differences by excess BMI categories relative to normal BMI. Of 7642 patients, mean±SD age was 69±12 years with a median (interquartile range) follow-up of 3.8 (2.2-6.0) years. Approximately 22% had class 1 obesity and 19% had class 2 or 3 obesity. Stroke risks were similar in patients with and without obesity (HR, 1.2; 95% CI, 0.5-2.9; and HR, 0.68; 95% CI, 0.23-2.0 for class 1 and class 2 or 3 obesity compared with normal BMI, respectively). Risk of intracranial hemorrhage was also similar in class 1 and class 2 or 3 obesity compared with normal BMI (HR, 0.64; 95% CI, 0.35-1.2; and HR, 0.66; 95% CI, 0.35-1.2, respectively). Conclusions Direct-acting oral anticoagulants demonstrated similar efficacy and safety across all BMI categories, even at high weight values.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e017383
JournalJournal of the American Heart Association
Volume9
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 15 2020

Keywords

  • atrial fibrillation
  • obesity
  • stroke prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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