Efficacy of Dupilumab in Different Racial Subgroups of Adults With Moderate-to-Severe Atopic Dermatitis in Three Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Phase 3 Trials

Andrew F. Alexis, Marta Rendon, Jonathan I. Silverberg, David M. Pariser, Benjamin Lockshin, Christopher E.M. Griffiths, Jamie Weisman, Andreas Wollenberg, Zhen Chen, John D. Davis, Meng Li, Laurent Eckert, Abhijit Gadkari, Brad Shumel, Ana B. Rossi, Neil M.H. Graham, Marius Ardeleanu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Dupilumab, a monoclonal antibody that blocks the shared receptor subunit for interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-13, is currently approved for the treatment of adults with inadequately controlled moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis (AD). The efficacy and safety of dupilumab for AD among racial subgroups is unknown. This post hoc analysis from three phase 3 trials assessed the efficacy and safety of dupilumab vs placebo by racial subgroup (White, Asian, Black/African American). Data from LIBERTY AD SOLO 1 (NCT02277743), SOLO 2 (NCT02277769), and CHRONOS (NCT02260986) were pooled. Outcomes included mean and percent change from baseline to week 16 in the key therapeutic domains Eczema Area and Severity Index (EASI), Peak Pruritus Numerical Rating Scale (NRS), Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI), and Patient-Oriented Eczema Measure, as well as Investigator’s Global Assessment and pain or discomfort assessed by the European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions 3 level questionnaire. A total of 2,058 patients (White n=1,429, Asian n=501, Black/African American n=128) were included in the current analysis. Baseline demographics and disease characteristics were balanced between treatment groups and racial subgroups. In the three trials, dupilumab significantly (P<0.0001) improved all assessed outcomes compared with placebo in the White and Asian subgroups. In the smaller Black/African American subgroup, dupilumab significantly (P<0.0001) improved EASI endpoints and mean changes in Peak Pruritus NRS and DLQI vs placebo, with positive numeric trends favoring dupilumab in all other endpoints. Dupilumab was generally well tolerated, with an acceptable safety profile in all racial subgroups. Serious adverse events occurred more frequently with placebo; treatment discontinuations due to adverse events were rare in all treatment groups. Significant clinical improvement and a favorable benefit-risk profile can be achieved with dupilumab treatment in patients of White, Asian, and Black/African American racial subgroups with moderate-to-severe AD inadequately controlled with topical medications. ClinicalTrials.gov identifiers: NCT02277743, NCT02277769, NCT02260986

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)804-813
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of drugs in dermatology : JDD
Volume18
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

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    Alexis, A. F., Rendon, M., Silverberg, J. I., Pariser, D. M., Lockshin, B., Griffiths, C. E. M., Weisman, J., Wollenberg, A., Chen, Z., Davis, J. D., Li, M., Eckert, L., Gadkari, A., Shumel, B., Rossi, A. B., Graham, N. M. H., & Ardeleanu, M. (2019). Efficacy of Dupilumab in Different Racial Subgroups of Adults With Moderate-to-Severe Atopic Dermatitis in Three Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Phase 3 Trials. Journal of drugs in dermatology : JDD, 18(8), 804-813.