Efficacy of Fluoroquinolone/Probiotic Combination Therapy for Recurrent Urinary Tract Infection in Children: A Retrospective Analysis

Ramiro J. Madden-Fuentes, Mehreen Arshad, Sherry S. Ross, Patrick C. Seed*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations


Purpose Children with normal urinary tract anatomy and function and highly recurrent urinary tract infection (rUTI) may have a lack of alternatives when antibiotic prophylaxis and "watchful waiting" approaches fail. This retrospective review reports the outcomes in children who received a fluoroquinolone/probiotic combination in an attempt to quantify a reduction in rUTI that was perceived by both clinicians and patients' families. Methods Data from all children with rUTIs previously managed with a fluoroquinolone/probiotic combination at the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Clinic at Duke University Medical Center (Durham, North Carolina) were identified and analyzed. Finding Data from 10 children were eligible for inclusion. Compared with before therapy initiation, total UTI episodes were significantly fewer after therapy initiation (57 vs 4; P = 0.0001). Seven (70%) were free of rUTIs during the follow-up period. Of the 8 patients with known compliance, 7 (88%) were free of rUTIs. Implications Given the chronic nature of these patients' symptoms, the significant decrease in UTI after the initiation of therapy, and the increase in the interval without an infection and/or its symptoms, this treatment regimen has the potential to improve overall quality of life, decrease antibiotic courses, and decrease health care costs in children with rUTI. These results will be validated with a larger cohort of patients in a prospective, randomized trial.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2628
Pages (from-to)2143-2147
Number of pages5
JournalClinical Therapeutics
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015



  • children
  • fluoroquinolone
  • probiotics
  • recurrent urinary tract infections

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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