Efficient long-range stereochemical communication and cooperative effects in self-assembled Fe 4L 6 cages

Naoki Ousaka, Sergio Grunder, Ana M. Castilla, Adam C. Whalley, J. Fraser Stoddart*, Jonathan R. Nitschke

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

66 Scopus citations


A series of large, optically active Fe 4L 6 cages was prepared from linear 5,5′-bis(2-formylpyridines) incorporating varying numbers (n = 0-3) of oligo-p-xylene spacers, chiral amines, and Fe II. When a cage was constructed from the ligand bridged by one p-xylene spacer (n = 1) and a bulky chiral amine, both a homochiral Fe 2L 3 helicate and Fe 4L 6 cage were observed to coexist in solution due to a delicate balance between steric factors. In contrast, when a less bulky chiral amine was used, only the Fe 4L 6 cage was observed. In the case of larger cages (n = 2, 3), long-range (>2 nm) stereochemical coupling between metal centers was observed, which was minimally diminished as the ligands were lengthened. This communication was mediated by the ligands geometries and rigidity, as opposed to gearing effects between xylene methyl groups: the metal-centered stereochemistry was not observed to affect the axial stereochemistry of the ligands.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15528-15537
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number37
StatePublished - Sep 19 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Efficient long-range stereochemical communication and cooperative effects in self-assembled Fe <sub>4</sub>L <sub>6</sub> cages'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this