Efficient luminescence extraction strategies and anti-reflective coatings to enhance optical refrigeration of semiconductors

I. Hassani Nia, M. Rezaei, R. Brown, S. J. Jang, A. Turay, V. Fathipour, H. Mohseni*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Laser refrigeration of solids has emerged as a viable solution for vibration-free and compact cooling that does not require any moving parts or cryogenic liquid. So far, rare-earth doped glasses are the only bulk materials that have provided efficient laser cooling based on the anti-Stokes process. These materials have low indices of refraction and are suitable for efficient luminescence extraction. However, up until this date, laser cooling of bulk semiconductors has not been achieved. One major challenge that needs to be addressed is the photoluminescence trapping and the consequent photon recycling. In this paper, we explain various methods to enhance light extraction for the purpose of laser cooling. We specifically provide guidelines for design and fabrication of graded index and subwavelength structures to maximize the extraction efficiency. Furthermore we present novel techniques for increasing the external quantum efficiency and enhancing the overall laser cooling efficiency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)841-854
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Luminescence
Volume170
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

Keywords

  • Anti-Stokes laser cooling
  • External quantum efficiency
  • Extraction efficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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