The mild reaction conditions, remarkable functional group compatibility, and complete regioselectivity of the Cu-catalyzed Huisgen 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition ("click chemistry") between organic azides and terminal alkynes have led to a threading-followed-by-stoppering approach to the synthesis of donor-acceptor rotaxanes incorporating cyclobis(paraquat-p-phenylene) (CBPQT4+) as the π-accepting ring component. Rotaxane formation is initiated by reacting azide-functionalized pseudorotaxanes containing π-donating 1,5-dioxynaphthalene (DNP) recognition units with appropriate alkyne-functionalized stoppers. The high yields obtained in this efficient, kinetically controlled post-assembly covalent modification, as well as the excellent convergence of the synthetic protocol, are demonstrated by the preparation of -, -, and rotaxanes containing multiple DNP/CBPQT4+ donor-acceptor recognition motifs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry