Eighty Years of the Finite Element Method: Birth, Evolution, and Future

Wing Kam Liu, Shaofan Li*, Harold S. Park

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


This document presents comprehensive historical accounts on the developments of finite element methods (FEM) since 1941, with a specific emphasis on developments related to solid mechanics. We present a historical overview beginning with the theoretical formulations and origins of the FEM, while discussing important developments that have enabled the FEM to become the numerical method of choice for so many problems rooted in solid mechanics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4431-4453
Number of pages23
JournalArchives of Computational Methods in Engineering
Issue number6
StatePublished - Oct 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics


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