A finite element method is developed for the computation of elastodynamic stress intensity factors at a rapidly moving crack tip. The method is restricted to bodies whose surfaces and two-material interfaces are either parallel to the direction of propagation or are sufficiently remote. The crack tip starts to move at the instant that it is struck by an incident wave. The finite element grid moves undeformed with the crack tip. The main result consists in the fact that the method of non-singular calibrated crack tip elements, in which the stress-intensity factor is determined from its statically calibrated ratio to the crack opening displacement in an adjacent node, is extended to dynamic problems with moving cracks, for both in-plane and anti-plane motions. The dependence of the calibration ratio on the crack tip velocity is established from previously developed analytical solutions for the near-tip displacement fields. Numerical results compare favorably with known analytical solutions for cracks moving in an infinite solid. The grid motion causes an apparent asymmetric additional damping matrix.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Modeling and Simulation
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanical Engineering
- Computer Science Applications