Elder abuse in long-term care: Types, patterns, and risk factors

Lori Post*, Connie Page, Thomas Conner, Artem Prokhorov, Yu Fang, Brian J. Biroscak

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations


The authors investigated types and patterns of elder abuse by paid caregivers in long-term care and assessed the role of several risk factors for different abuses and for multiple abuse types. The results are based on a 2005 random-digit-dial survey of relatives of persons in long-term care. We computed occurrence rates and conditional occurrence rates for each of six abuse types: physical, caretaking, verbal, emotional, neglect, and material. Among older adults who have experienced at least one type of abuse, more than half (51.4%) have experienced another type of abuse. Physical functioning problems, activities of daily living limitations, and behavioral problems are significant risk factors for at least three types of abuse and are significant for multiple abuse types. The findings have implications for those monitoring the well-being of older adults in long-term care as well as those responsible for developing public health interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)323-348
Number of pages26
JournalResearch on Aging
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2010


  • Elder abuse
  • Elder neglect
  • Multiple abuse
  • Proxy
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Health(social science)
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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