Electric-Field Control of Spin-Orbit Interaction for Low-Power Spintronics

Kang L. Wang, Xufeng Kou, Pramey Upadhyaya, Yabin Fan, Qiming Shao, Guoqiang Yu, Pedram Khalili Amiri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations


Spintronics is regarded as a promising solution for resolving the major challenging issues related to the scaling of Si-based complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) technology as it offers the advantages of combing the spin and charge degrees of freedom. After decades of progress, the quintessence to achieve practical low-dissipation applications lies in the ability to manipulate magnetic states by electric field via several different physical mechanisms. Among them, the emergence of the spin-orbit coupling engineering has been shown to dramatically reduce energy dissipation and improve the performance as well as to multiply spintronic device possibilities and functionalities for a new generation of ultralow-power nonvolatile spintronic systems. This article provides a review of the current development including fundamental physics and experimental implementations of electric-field-controlled ferromagnetism in dilute magnetic semiconductors, voltage control of magnetic anisotropy, spin-orbit-torque-assisted magnetization switching, and antiferromagnetic (AFM) material-based spin-orbitronic systems. We provide an assessment in terms of scaling of energy, speed, and size. Finally, we offer an outlook of electric-field-controlled spintronic applications, particularly in view of their integration with CMOS to form hybrid spintronic circuits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7511723
Pages (from-to)1974-2008
Number of pages35
JournalProceedings of the IEEE
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2016


  • Antiferromagnetic
  • electric field control
  • magnetic anisotropy
  • magnetoelectric effects
  • spin-orbit coupling
  • spin-orbit torque
  • spintronics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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