The importance of covalent metal-ligand interactions in determining hyperfine fields and energy-level structure of MX2 linear-bonded halide compounds has been studied, using the self-consistent local-density molecular-orbital approach. We present results for FeCl2, FeBr2, and EuCl2 obtained using the discrete variational method with numerical basis sets. The high-spin configuration for the iron compounds, first predicted by Berkowitz et al., is verified; a successful comparison with gasphase photoelectron spectra is made. Variation of the predicted electric field gradient (EFG) with bond length R is found to be rapid; the need for an extended x-ray-absorption fine structure (EX-AFS) measurement of R for the matrix-isolated species and experimental determination of the sign of the EFG is seen to be crucial for more accurate determinations of the Fe57 quadrupole moment.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics