Electrical stimulation and biofeedback effect on recovery of tenodesis grasp: A controlled study

Kirsten M. Kohlmeyer, Judy P. Hill, Gary M. Yarkony*, Robert J. Jaeger

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Objective: Evaluate the effectiveness of electrical stimulation and biofeedback on the recovery of tenodesis grasp in tetraplegic individuals during the initial phase of acute rehabilitation. Design: A 2 x 2 block design was used with subjects randomized to treatment groups. Forty-five subjects completed the study. Setting: Inpatient occupational therapy department. Subjects: Inpatients with tetraplegia, first admission for rehabilitation after an acute spinal cord injury. Interventions: The four treatment groups were: conventional treatment, electrical stimulation, biofeedback, and combined electrical stimulation and biofeedback. The treatment period was between 5 and 6 weeks. Main Outcome Measures: Manual muscle testing and scoring of activities of daily living performance by a blinded evaluator. Results: All four treatment groups showed improvements. No treatment group was superior to the others. Conclusions: Biofeedback and electrical stimulation alone or in combination offer no advantages over conventional rehabilitation treatment of wrist extensors in tetraplegic patients after spinal cord injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)702-706
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of physical medicine and rehabilitation
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation


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