Electrically conductive, processable polymeric materials constructed from metallophthalocyanines

Tamotsu Inabe*, Joseph F. Lomax, Joseph W. Lyding, Carl R. Kannewurf, Tobin Jay Marks

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

This contribution describes an approach to producing new classes of macromolecular/macromolecular and molecular/macromolecular hybrid materials which can be spun into environmentally stable, flexible, oriented, electrically conductive fibers. Solutions of a phthalocyanine-containing macromolecular (e.g., [Si(Pc)O]n) or molecular(e.g., Ni(Pc)) 'metal' precursor and a host polymer (e.g., Kevlar) are wet-spun to yield, after halogen or electrochemical doping, strong, air-stable fibers with thermally activated electronic conductivities as high as 5 ω-1 cm-1. X-ray diffraction and resonance Raman studies of the fibers reveal the presence of preferentially oriented Kevlar and {[Si(Pc)O]I1.1}n (or M(Pc)I) crystalline regions, the latter regions with the metallophthalocyanine stacking directions preferentially parallel to the longitudinal fiber axis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)303-316
Number of pages14
JournalSynthetic Metals
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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