Electro-orientation of rod-like particles in liquids, under the application of an external AC field, is analysed. A rod shape is suitable for particle light valve (PLV) applications. When they are aligned with their long axes parallel to the electric field (and the direction of light is assumed to be parallel to the applied electric field), then it can lead to good transmission of light. Various criteria to arrive at appropriate parameters for PLV applications are proposed. It is found that good electric conductors are excellent rod materials for PLV applications. They lead to an appropriate orientation of the rods and at the same time result in maximum orientational torque. Water-like liquids with higher values of permittivity are appropriate choices as suspending liquids since the Brownian dispersion in the presence of the electric field is minimized. The time it takes the rods to fully diffuse in the orientational space, once the electric field is turned off, decreases with decreasing liquid viscosity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering