Electrocardiographic patterns of patients with echocardiographically determined biventricular hypertrophy

A. Jain, H. Chandna, E. N. Silber, W. A. Clark, P. Denes*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


The numerous criteria proposed for the electrocardiographic (ECG) diagnosis of biventricular hypertrophy (BVH) suffer from inadequate correlative data. We used two-dimensional (2D) echocardiography to identify BVH and analyzed the ECG patterns in these patients. The study group had 69 such patients with BVH and the control group had 22 patients with isolated left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) demonstrated by 2D echocardiography. The electrocardiograms were analyzed for the presence of established criteria used in the diagnosis of LVH and right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH). Of the 69 patients in the study group, 17 (25%) had ECG findings of BVH, 25 (36%) had LVH, and 14 (20%) had RVH. An S wave in V5/V6 of >7 mm was most the frequent finding in the 17 patients with BVH on the electrocardiogram. The sensitivity of ECG criteria for BVH was 24.6%, specificity was 86.4%, and positive predictive value was 85%. This study reemphasizes the difficulty of ECG diagnosis of BVH. The electrocardiogram has a low sensitivity but satisfactory specificity and positive predictive accuracy for BVH.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)269-273
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Electrocardiology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1999


  • Biventricular hypertrophy
  • Diagnosis
  • Echocardiography
  • Electrocardiography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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