Electrochemical and microstructural properties of Ni-(Y2O3)0.08(ZrO2)0.92-(Ce0.9Gd0.1)O1.95 anode-supported microtubular solid oxide fuel cells

Hirofumi Sumi*, David Kennouche, Kyle Yakal-Kremski, Toshio Suzuki, Scott A. Barnett, Dean J. Miller, Toshiaki Yamaguchi, Koichi Hamamoto, Yoshinobu Fujishiro

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

The nickel-zirconia cermet is widely used as an anode of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). On the other hand, the nickel-ceria based anode indicates high electrochemical activity for hydrogen oxidation and hydrocarbon reforming. In this study, electrochemical and microstructural properties of microtubular SOFCs with Ni-based composite anodes containing yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) and gadolinia-doped ceria (GDC) are investigated electrochemically using impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and microstructurally using focused ion beam-scanning electron microscopy (FIB-SEM). The solid solution of YSZ and GDC was easily formed after mechanical mixing and sintering at 1400 °C. The electrical conductivity and mechanical strength for the Ni-YSZGDC composite anodes are low relative to Ni-YSZ due to poor sinterability. The GDC-containing anodes show improved electrochemical activity for hydrogen oxidation, despite having lower three-phase boundary densities. Distribution of relaxation times (DRT) analysis of the EIS data shows that the concentration polarization is lower for the Ni-GDC anode, due to a higher measured pore volume. The maximum power density for the cell with the Ni-YSZGDC composite anode was higher than those with the Ni-YSZ and Ni-GDC anodes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)227-233
Number of pages7
JournalSolid State Ionics
Volume285
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

Keywords

  • AC impedance
  • Anode microstructure
  • Distribution of relaxation time (DRT)
  • Focused ion beam-scanning electron microscopy (FIB-SEM)
  • Zirconia-ceria solid solution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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