The reaction of chlorophyll a+ (Chi a+) with either Chi a- or pheophytin a- (Pheo a-) in addition to the reaction of Pheo a+ with Pheo a- was studied in butyronitrile (BCN), BCN-1% THF, THF, and DMF. The electrochemically produced radical ion pairs Chi a+-Chl a- and Pheo a+-Pheo a- react in each solvent to produce a 10-7- 10-6 yield of luminescent states on the basis of the initial number of radical pairs. The Chi a+-Pheo a- reaction produces no observable luminescence in any of the solvents examined. The luminescence maximum for the Pheo a+-Pheo a” reaction occurs at 730 nm in each solvent and is strongly red-shifted relative to the fluorescence maxima for optically excited Pheo a in these solvents. A similar result is obtained for the Chi a+-Chl a- reaction in BCN. However, emission from the Chi a+-Chl a- reaction in the other three solvents occurs at 680 nm and corresponds more closely to normal fluorescence from optically excited Chi a. The red-shifted spectra are consistent with the formation of excimers. AC voltammetry of Chi a in BCN provides evidence that Chi a is aggregated in the ground state in this solvent. Chi a reduction shows four waves in BCN and two waves in the other three solvents. Thus, the Chi a+-Chl a- reaction in BCN does not form a true excimer, whereas the Pheo a+-Pheo a- reactions in each solvent do. The luminescence efficiencies of these charge-transfer neutralization reactions are discussed in terms of the geometric constraints on electron-transfer reactions in photosynthetic reaction centers.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry