Electroencephalographic monitoring in the pediatric intensive care unit

Nicholas S. Abend*, Kevin E. Chapman, William B. Gallentine, Joshua Goldstein, Ann E. Hyslop, Tobias Loddenkemper, Kendall B. Nash, James J. Riviello, Cecil D. Hahn, Critical Care EEG Group (PCCEG) Pediatric Critical Care EEG Group (PCCEG), EEG Monitoring Research Consortium (CCEMRC) Care EEG Monitoring Research Consortium (CCEMRC)

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Continuous electroencephalographic (CEEG) monitoring is used with increasing frequency in critically ill children to provide insight into brain function and to identify electrographic seizures. CEEG monitoring use often impacts clinical management, most often by identifying electrographic seizures and status epilepticus. Most electrographic seizures have no clinical correlate, and thus would not be identified without CEEG monitoring. There are increasing data showing that electrographic seizures and electrographic status epilepticus are associated with worse outcome. Seizure identification efficiency may be improved by further development of quantitative electroencephalography trends. This review describes the clinical impact of CEEG data, the epidemiology of electrographic seizures and status epilepticus, the impact of electrographic seizures on outcome, the utility of quantitative electroencephalographic trends for seizure identification, and practical considerations regarding CEEG monitoring.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number330
JournalCurrent neurology and neuroscience reports
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2013

Keywords

  • Critical care
  • Electroencephalogram
  • Electroencephalographic monitoring
  • Intensive care unit
  • Seizure
  • Status epilepticus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Electroencephalographic monitoring in the pediatric intensive care unit'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this