Electron paramagnetic resonance oxygen images correlate spatially and quantitatively with Oxylite oxygen measurements.

Martyna Elas*, Kang Hyun Ahn, Adrian Parasca, Eugene D. Barth, David Lee, Chad Haney, Howard J. Halpern

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

91 Scopus citations


Tumor oxygenation predicts cancer therapy response and malignant phenotype. This has spawned a number of oxymetries. Comparison of different oxymetries is crucial for the validation and understanding of these techniques. Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) imaging is a novel technique for providing quantitative high-resolution images of tumor and tissue oxygenation. This work compares sequences of tumor pO2 values from EPR oxygen images with sequences of oxygen measurements made along a track with an Oxylite oxygen probe. Four-dimensional (three spatial and one spectral) EPR oxygen images used spectroscopic imaging techniques to measure the width of a spectral line in each image voxel from a trityl spin probe (OX063, Amersham Health R&D) in the tissues and tumor of mice after spin probe injection. A simple calibration allows direct, quantitative translation of each line width to an oxygen concentration. These four-dimensional EPR images, obtained in 45 minutes from FSa fibrosarcomas grown in the legs of C3H mice, have a spatial resolution of approximately 1 mm and oxygen resolution of approximately 3 Torr. The position of the Oxylite track was measured within a 2-mm accuracy using a custom stereotactic positioning device. A total of nine images that involve 17 tracks were obtained. Of these, most showed good correlation between the Oxylite measured pO2 and a track located in the tumor within the uncertainties of the Oxylite localizability. The correlation was good both in terms of spatial distribution pattern and pO2 magnitude. The strong correlation of the two modalities corroborates EPR imaging as a useful tool for the study of tumor oxygenation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4209-4217
Number of pages9
JournalClinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Issue number14 Pt 1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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