Electronic bonding characteristics of hydrogen in bcc iron: Part II. Grain boundaries

Yoshio Itsumi, D. E. Ellis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Electronic structure calculations were carried out for bcc iron grain boundaries (GB) with or without hydrogen, using the self-consistent Discrete Variational embedded cluster method within the first-principles local density formalism. Bonding characteristics were mainly investigated. Simple rigid body translations perpendicular to the GB plane were used for estimation of relaxed GB geometry. Analysis of bond order summation over the GB shows considerable volume expansion normal to the GB plane of a dense ∑3(111) twist/tilt GB and some compression for the rather open ∑3(110) twist configuration. These results are discussed in the context of atomistic simulations which suggest that higher energy GB's generally have larger volume expansion normal to the GB plane. H in a ∑3(111) GB reduces Fe-Fe bonding strength by ∼3% within a 0.25 nm spherical volume around the H site, associated with reduction of the 4s and 4p occupancy of the nearest neighbor Fe. Since these orbitals contribute mainly to metallic bonding, the action of H atoms as an embrittlement inducer can be understood.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2214-2219
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Materials Research
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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