Electronic Coupling in Metallophthalocyanine-Transition Metal Dichalcogenide Mixed-Dimensional Heterojunctions

Samuel H. Amsterdam, Teodor K. Stanev, Qunfei Zhou, Alexander J.T. Lou, Hadallia Bergeron, Pierre Darancet*, Mark C. Hersam, Nathaniel P. Stern, Tobin J. Marks

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations


Mixed-dimensional heterojunctions, such as zero-dimensional (0D) organic molecules deposited on two-dimensional (2D) transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs), often exhibit interfacial effects that enhance the properties of the individual constituent layers. Here we report a systematic study of interfacial charge transfer in metallophthalocyanine (MPc) - MoS 2 heterojunctions using optical absorption and Raman spectroscopy to elucidate M core (M = first row transition metal), MoS 2 layer number, and excitation wavelength effects. Observed phenomena include the emergence of heterojunction-specific optical absorption transitions and strong Raman enhancement that depends on the M identity. In addition, the Raman enhancement is tunable by excitation laser wavelength and MoS 2 layer number, ultimately reaching a maximum enhancement factor of 30x relative to SiO 2 substrates. These experimental results, combined with density functional theory (DFT) calculations, indicate strong coupling between nonfrontier MPc orbitals and the MoS 2 band structure as well as charge transfer across the heterojunction interface that varies as a function of the MPc electronic structure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4183-4190
Number of pages8
JournalACS nano
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 23 2019


  • charge transfer
  • heterojunction
  • metallophthalocyanine
  • phthalocyanine
  • transition metal dichalcogenide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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