Electronic properties of epitaxial 6H silicon carbide

B. W. Wessels*, H. C. Gatos

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


The electrical conductivity and Hall coefficient were measured in the temperature range from 78 to 900 K for n-type epitaxially grown 6H silicon carbide. A many-valley model of the conduction band was used in the analysis of electron concentration as a function of temperature. From this analysis, the density of states mass to the free electron mass ratio per ellipsoid was calculated to be 0.45. It was estimated that the constant energy surface of the conduction band consists of three ellipsoids. The ionization energy of the shallowest nitrogen donor was found to be 105 meV, when the valley-orbit interaction was taken into account. The electron scattering mechanisms in the epitaxial layers were analyzed and it was shown that the dominant mechanism limiting electron mobility at high temperatures is inter-valley scattering and at low temperatures (200 K), impurity and space charge scattering. A value of 360 cm2 V sec was calculated for the maximum room temperature Hall mobility expected for electrons in pure 6H SiC. The effect of epitaxial growth temperature on room temperature Hall mobility was also investigated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)345-350
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1977

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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