Electronic structure and thermodynamic stability of LaMnO3 and La1-xSrxMnO3 (001) surfaces: Ab initio calculations

Sergei Piskunov*, Eugene Heifets, Timo Jacob, Eugene A. Kotomin, Donald E Ellis, Eckhard Spohr

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

73 Scopus citations


We present the results of ab initio hybrid density-functional calculations of the atomic and the electronic structures of LaMnO3 (LMO) and La1- xb Sr xb MnO3 (001) surfaces. The total energies obtained from these calculations were used to analyze thermodynamic stability of the surfaces. We predict Sr and O vacancy segregation to the surface to occur with similar energies (∼0.5 eV per defect). In pure LMO only MnO2 termination is thermodynamically favorable under typical operational conditions of a cathode in solid oxide fuel cells, whereas Sr doping makes La(Sr)O termination favorable. Finally, the role of Sr doping in cathode degradation is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number121406
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number12
StatePublished - Sep 24 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

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