Electronic structure of lithium battery interphase compounds: Comparison between inelastic x-ray scattering measurements and theory

Tim T. Fister*, Moritz Schmidt, Paul Fenter, Chris S. Johnson, Michael D. Slater, Maria K.Y. Chan, Eric L. Shirley

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

In lithium ion batteries, decomposition of the electrolyte and its associated passivation of the electrode surface occurs at low potentials, resulting in an electronically insulating, but Li-ion conducting, solid electrolyte interphase (SEI). The products of the SEI and their chemical constituentsproperties play an important role in the long-term stability and performance of the battery. Reactivity and the sub-keV core binding energies of lithium, carbon, oxygen, and fluorine species in the SEI present technical challenges in the spectroscopy of these compounds. Using an alternative approach, nonresonant inelastic x-ray scattering, we examine the near-edge spectra of bulk specimens of common SEI compounds, including LiF, Li 2CO 3, LiOH, LiOHH 2O, and Li 2O. By working at hard x-ray energies, we also experimentally differentiate the s- and p-symmetry components of lithiums unoccupied states using the evolution of its K edge with momentum transfer. We find good agreement with theoretical spectra calculated using a Bethe-Salpeter approach in all cases. These results provide an analytical and diagnostic foundation for better understanding of the makeup of SEIs and the mechanism of their formation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number224513
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume135
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 14 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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