We compute the electronic structure and optical excitation energies of metal-free and transition-metal phthalocyanines (H2Pc and MPc for M = Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Mg) using density functional theory with optimally tuned range-separated hybrid functionals (OT-RSH). We show that the OT-RSH approach provides photoemission spectra in quantitative agreement with experiments as well as optical band gaps within 10% of their experimental values, capturing the interplay of localized d-states and delocalized π-π∗ states for these organometallic compounds. We examine the tunability of MPcs and H2Pc through fluorination, resulting in quasi-rigid shifts of the molecular orbital energies by up to 0.7 eV. Our comprehensive data set provides a new computational benchmark for gas-phase phthalocyanines, significantly improving upon other density-functional-theory-based approaches.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4055-4061
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Issue number19
StatePublished - May 20 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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