Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) demonstrate remarkable electronic and mechanical properties useful in developing areas such as nanoelectromechanical systems and flexible electronics. However, the highly inhomogeneous electronic distribution arising from different diameters and chirality in any given as-synthesized SWNT samples imposes severe limitations. Recently demonstrated selective chemical functionalization methods may provide a simple scalable means of eliminating metallic tubes from SWNT transistors and electronic devices. Here, we report on combined electron transport and Raman studies on the reaction of 4-bromobenzene diazonium tetrafluoroborate directly with single and networks of SWNT transistors. First, Raman studies are carried out on isolated individual SWNTs grown on SiO2/Si substrates by chemical vapor deposition with and without metal contacts. Metallic tubes are found to have, on average, higher reactivity toward diazonium reagents. However, a considerable degradation of electrical properties of semiconducting tubes occurs if the reaction is carried out to the point where the conductivity of metallic tubes is significantly suppressed. Insights from single-tube studies are then applied to elucidate the electrical and the Raman responses of SWNT random network transistors of different channel lengths to chemical functionalization.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry